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使用docker-compose 快速搭建Laravel,Nginx,Mysql开发环境

使用docker-compose 快速搭建Laravel,Nginx,Mysql开发环境


准备工作

  • 已经安装了docker
  • 已经安装了docker-compose

第一步,下载Laravel,安装依赖

$ cd ~
$ git clone https://github.com/laravel/laravel.git laravel-app

使用php composer 安装Laravle依赖,这里使用的是composer容器,

$ cd ~/laravel-app

先配置下镜像加速

$ docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/app composer config repo.packagist composer https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/

安装依赖

$ docker run --rm -v $(pwd):/app composer install -vvv

设置文件权限
sudo chown -R $USER:$USER ~/laravel-app

第二步,创建docer-compose配置文件docker-compose.yml

$ vim docker-compose.yml
内容:

version: '3'
services:

  #PHP Service
  app:
    build:
      context: .
      dockerfile: Dockerfile
    image: digitalocean.com/php
    container_name: app
    restart: unless-stopped
    tty: true
    environment:
      SERVICE_NAME: app
      SERVICE_TAGS: dev
    working_dir: /var/www
    volumes:
      - ./:/var/www
      - ./php/local.ini:/usr/local/etc/php/conf.d/local.ini
    networks:
      - app-network

  #Nginx Service
  webserver:
    image: nginx:alpine
    container_name: webserver
    restart: unless-stopped
    tty: true
    ports:
      - "80:80"
      - "443:443"
    volumes:
      - ./:/var/www
      - ./nginx/conf.d/:/etc/nginx/conf.d/
    networks:
      - app-network

  #MySQL Service
  db:
    image: mysql:5.7.22
    container_name: db
    restart: unless-stopped
    tty: true
    ports:
      - "3306:3306"
    environment:
      MYSQL_DATABASE: laravel
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: your_mysql_root_password
      SERVICE_TAGS: dev
      SERVICE_NAME: mysql
    volumes:
      - dbdata:/var/lib/mysql/
      - ./mysql/my.cnf:/etc/mysql/my.cnf
    networks:
      - app-network

#Docker Networks
networks:
  app-network:
    driver: bridge
#Volumes
volumes:
  dbdata:
    driver: local

第三步,数据持久化

创建Dockerfile

$ vim ~/laravel-app/Dockerfile
内容

FROM php:7.2-fpm

# Copy composer.lock and composer.json
COPY composer.lock composer.json /var/www/

# Set working directory
WORKDIR /var/www

# Install dependencies
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \
    build-essential \
    libpng-dev \
    libjpeg62-turbo-dev \
    libfreetype6-dev \
    locales \
    zip \
    jpegoptim optipng pngquant gifsicle \
    vim \
    unzip \
    git \
    curl

# Clear cache
RUN apt-get clean && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

# Install extensions
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql mbstring zip exif pcntl
RUN docker-php-ext-configure gd --with-gd --with-freetype-dir=/usr/include/ --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/include/ --with-png-dir=/usr/include/
RUN docker-php-ext-install gd

# Install composer
RUN curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

# Add user for laravel application
RUN groupadd -g 1000 www
RUN useradd -u 1000 -ms /bin/bash -g www www

# Copy existing application directory contents
COPY . /var/www

# Copy existing application directory permissions
COPY --chown=www:www . /var/www

# Change current user to www
USER www

# Expose port 9000 and start php-fpm server
EXPOSE 9000
CMD ["php-fpm"]

配置php

$ mkdir ~/laravel-app/php
$ ~/laravel-app/php/local.ini

内容

upload_max_filesize=40M
post_max_size=40M

配置nginx

$ mkdir -p ~/laravel-app/nginx/conf.d
$ vim ~/laravel-app/nginx/conf.d/app.conf

内容

server {
    listen 80;
    index index.php index.html;
    error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log;
    root /var/www/public;
    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass app:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
    }
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
        gzip_static on;
    }
}

配置mysql

$ mkdir ~/laravel-app/mysql
$ ~/laravel-app/mysql/my.cnf

内容

[mysqld]
general_log = 1
general_log_file = /var/lib/mysql/general.log

修改环境变量,运行容器

$ cp .env.example .env

.env内容

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=db
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=laravel
DB_USERNAME=laraveluser
DB_PASSWORD=your_laravel_db_password

运行

docker-compose up -d

访问 http://your_server_ip